Zepp Antenna: An end-fed wire radio antenna that is reeled down and up from Zeppelin aircraft. Deviation: In Frequency Modulation, is the variance from the resting frequency of the modulated carrier signal. SWR Meter: An SWR meter is utilized to tune the antenna for proper performance and to prevent transceiver damage from reflected power. Dipole: A common antenna, typically made of wire that consists of 2 segments: The first is attached to the conductive part of the feedline and the other is attached to the grounded part of the feedline. Europe, for example, used 1750 Hz as their standard frequency. This is a group of volunteer radio operators who assist civil authorities during an emergency situation. It is utilized for the reception of SSB and CW signals. FET: Field Effect Transistor – An FET is used as a radio amplifier or a switch for electronic circuits; the input voltage determines the outputs current level. I’ll keep watching this website. I don’t even know the questions to ask. Thus, CTCSS was born. PSK31: Stands for phase shift keying 31. Mobile: An amateur ham radio station installed in a car or vehicle that can be used while the vehicle is in motion; also used on the radio air to indicate you are transmitting from a mobile ham radio base station. DCS: Digital Coded Squelch – is a method of breaking down the squelch of a receiver (especially a repeater station) using a digital code at the start of the transmission. Microwave: The portion of the RF spectrum 1 GHz and higher frequency. It is a CQ magazine award for confirmed contact with each of the 40 world zones. Thus, In our next post, we’ll show you how to configure your, In this first post, we’ll walk through setting up a, BaoFeng UV-5R – Budget Ham Radio – Reliable and cheap, How to Program a BaoFeng Radio with Chirp Software. Ham radio has evolved, albeit slowly compared to other technology sectors. XIT: Stands for Transmitter Incremental Tuning. In the instance such as a half wave dipole antenna or an isotropic antenna. Communication is very important during an SHTF. A few bits of clarification: QSL: This is a Q signal (see Q signal) that stands for acknowledged receipt of message. A carrier squelch or noise squelchis the most simple variant of all. The 2-meter band’s offsets are set 600 kHz apart (As a rule of thumb), The 70 cm band offsets are 5MHz apart (again, rule of thumb). Rag Chew: This refers to a longer casual conversation between two ham radio operators. How to find ham radio call signs available to you. Repeaters are designed to not transmit noise and spurious signals. This channel should not be used to chew rag (talk) on, but only to sync up with another HAM. Also known as a clarifyer. Discussion of “channels” is misleading since amateur radio focuses on frequency, not an organizational scheme of specific frequencies labelled as “channels”. Antenna Gain: An increase in the antenna transmission and the reception performance in a particular direction with the expense of performance in other directions, performance will increase as compared to an isotropic antenna and a dipole antenna. DSP: Digital Signal Processing – is a processing method of filtering and noise reduction, also otherwise modifying received signals done by converting received signals into the digital form for manipulations. Second, it is especially useful during emergency situations. Basically, it handles the repeater station ID using either voice or CW and activates the transmitter at the appropriate times. Thanks a bunch. The CTCSS tone acts as an access method required to activate HAM radio repeaters. Duplex: A radio communication mode that allows simultaneous transmitting and receiving (on two different frequencies). Load: Is a radio device in an electric circuit capable of consuming, converting, and radiating energy. Micro: Prefix meaning 1/1,000,000 (one one-millionth). Sales, Supplies, and Service. Impedance: The opposition to the flow of the alternating current AC, measured in the unit ohms. In some designs, the squelch threshold is preset. Shack: A slang term for the location of a ham radio operators rig. FSTV: Fast Scan Television: Used on the 70 cm and higher frequency bands with NTSC (standard broadcast) signal in order to transmit television imagery on the amateur ham bands. While other devices will lose their connectivity, ham radio will continue to work. Dummy Load: Takes the place of a radiating antenna, this is a device that presents a matching impedance for the transmitter and then converts transmission energy into heat instead of radiating a signal; useful for testing transceivers without radiating heat. It is done through its varying wavephase characteristics. Echolink: A voice over IP internet connection variety allowing radio stations and/or computers the ability to be connected together for inter communications. They also lessen the annoyance of hearing other conversations when using a shared two-way radio communications channel. The mostcommon frequencies for local communication in these bands are: 1. During the daylight it is two layers, F1 and F2 present. Accordingly, please follow FCC rules and repeater operator’s conventions for their systems for the betterment of all. Today, CTCSS tones are almost universally used to access HAM radio repeaters. This occurs along a pipe that is created through a temperature inversion in the lowest part of the atmosphere. Line of Sight Propagation: Are radio frequency paths of travel that are referring to a straight line path from one radio station to another station. Picket Fencing: Picket fencing is when there is a rapid fluctuation in sound or a signal that is caused by a radio station that is moving during a transmission. the sideband is made of frequencies that are higher than the carrier frequency the transceiver is tuned to. HAM RADIO TERMS GLOSSARY This is glossary contains general definitions of typical amateur radio terms. Repeaters are much more complicated and expensive to setup due to a whole host of factors. Q-signals or codes are a set of abbreviations for common radio information that can help save time and allow communication between operators who don’t speak a common language. The signal must also have a tone to determine that the station being received at the repeater wants its transmission to be re-radiated. The good news is, that most of the HAM radios sold today, will set the offset automatically, once you have chosen your desired operating frequency. Learn more. Oscillator: These are circuits that are typically being employed as an inductor and also a capacitor that is used for producing an alternating current of a desired radio frequency. Glen Zook, K9STH, posted this to the Heathkit mailing list: Many amateurs already know that "73" is from what is known as the "Phillips Code", a series of numeric messages conceived for the purpose of cutting down transmission time on the old land telegraph systems when sending text that is basically the same. Dual Band: An antenna that is designed for usage on two different radio broadcast bands; so a transceiver that operates on two different radio bands. At night it combines these into a single F-Layer. I noticed my BaoFeng had an rToneFrequency that did not transfer over to the new radio. Splatter: Splatter refers to the interference received from stations on nearby frequencies. Field Day: An annual amateur radio event to practice emergency communications with other ham operators. Why radio amateurs are called "HAMS" (from Florida Skip Magazine - 1959) Have you ever wondered why radio amateurs are called "HAMS?" ADIF: Amateur Data Interchange Format, a standard specification for the format of exported logbook files. Work: A Ham radio slang term that means an operator has communicated with other operators as stated in locations. Split Operating: Split operating is when transmission from one frequency while listening on a different radio frequency. Inductor: Is an electronic component term, typically that of a coil of wire, that stores energy in a magnetic field for use. The table below lists the most common Q-signals used by hams. How to Manually Keypad Program the BaoFeng UV-5R, Top 10 Best Glock 19 Holsters for Comfort, Security, & Durability, 5 Best Concealed Carry Insurance Policies for 2020 Financial Security, 8 Best MURS Radios for Quick & Efficient Comms [in 2020], Olight Warrior Mini 1500 Lumens EDC Flashlight Review, 5 Best 22LR Pistols for Vermin & Training Uses in 2020. FCC: Federal Communications Commission – is the US federal government agency that regulates all the radio spectrum and that also sanctions the amateur ham radio service. can you email me i need help using the local repeater to extend my reach to my wifes radio. This post is focused on fairly local communication on VHF/UHF bands. GOTA: Get On The Air – An annual ARRL Field Day event in which all non-licensed operators are provided an opportunity to transmit under that of the control operator supervision of a licensed ham radio operator. Repeater: A repeater is a radio station that receives a radio transmission and then re transmits the original frequency as a different frequency at higher power, or from a higher position. 5.) That evolution is inevitable. An antenna is used to transmit and receive signals that go in and out of a repeater. NTSC: National Television System Committee – US standard signal for broadcast TV, also used for amateur Fast Scan TV. Pile–up: A pile up is when multiple ham radios attempt to make calls to the same station at the same time. Multimode Transceiver: A radio transceiver with the capacity to use more than just one type of transceiver modulation: With FM, SSB, CW, AM, Digital radio operations. Homebrew: Home built, as in home built equipment, radios, antennas, and other items. How to Use HAM Radio Repeaters & the PL Tone, You can have the old reliable HAM devices, however, there are, If you can’t reach anyone, then you may have to take things to the next level and use a repeater. NVIS: Near Vertical Incidence Skywave – radio propagation in which signals are then reflected from the earth’s ionosphere from a very steep vertical send off angle, which is resulting in a relatively short skywave skip distance. Gray Line: The transition area line on the earth separating daylight and darkness. RTTY: Radio Teletype which is a digital mode of communication. We’ll follow up with a 2nd post showing you how to configure a TYT TH-UVF1 to do the same. It can both send and receive radio transmissions. Well, it goes like this: The word "HAM" as applied to 1908 was the station CALL of the first amateur wireless stations operated by some amateurs of the Harvard Radio … On the 2 meter band, you can use 146.520 MHz. When I transmit, my radio has a Red/Blue bar as I am transmitting. If you can’t reach anyone, then you may have to take things to the next level and use a repeater. Q–Signal: A Q signal are common used questions and statements abbreviated to three letters. Not all of the defini-tion listed may apply to your specific model of radio. Traditionally, HAM is the informal name for amateur radio operators. Both stations take turns transmitting and receiving on the same frequency with no repeater or other device in between.Duplex – Duplex operation means that a radio station transmits on one frequency and receives on a different frequency.Full Duplex – Operating duplex with the … PEP: Peak Envelope Power – This is the signals average power level over its greatest amplitude peaks. Deviation is dictated by the amplitude of the audio input signal. A phase is the 360 degree cycle of oscillation. Most repeaters are “PL’ed”, due to the sheer number of radios and repeaters in their area. It is a transceiver control feature that is capable of adjusting the radios frequency without having to change the frequency of the transceiver. Let’s not fight it. Transceiver: A transceiver is a unit that has the transmitter and the radio receiver in one device. If the output frequency (transmit) of the repeater < 147 mHz, then the input frequency (listening) is 600 kilohertz lower. Ham radio also is referred to as amateur radio. This is called a “positive offset”. Skip Zone: A skip zone, when referring to ionosphere skip propagation, is the area inside the skip zone but also past the ground wave propagation. It's fun, social, educational, and can be a … You can find a list of repeaters, nationwide in the. Amazon Affiliate program disclosure: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases made when certain links are clicked on at no extra cost to you. Ham radio is a popular term for amateur radio, derived from "ham" as an informal name for an amateur radio operator. If the output frequency (transmit) of the repeater > 447 MHz, then the input frequency (listening) is 5 megahertz above. EMF: Electromotive Force (E) – voltage; unit of measure in volts. The letter H stands for Hertz ( Heinrich Hertz ) who helped to develop the theory of electromagnetic waves . The code representing the letters consists of a series of bits represented by high and low voltages. The origin of the acronym HAM goes all the way back to 1908, when HAM was the radio station call name (call sign) of the first amateur radio stations from the Harvard Radio Club. As a result, missed messages and distractions of unnecessary conversations will be reduced. You can have the old reliable HAM devices, however, there are so many unanswered questions for the new HAM licensee. I’ve not been able to find out how to set the rToneFrequency. Milli: Prefix meaning 1/1000 (one one-thousandth). CW: Continuous Wave – a transmission mode employing an unmodulated transmission (continuous wave) and also Morse Code patterns of transmission or interruption to send a signal. It prevents the receiver and transmitter from hearing one another by the isolation it provides. Tropospheric Ducting: This refers to VHF signal propagation over long distances. SSB: Stands for Single Sideband. I’ve purchased a new radio and I’m a newbie…I am able to listen to a few repeaters, hear hams speaking with the repeaters, but I don’t think they can hear me. PCB: Printed Circuit Board – is a radio circuit board where electrical contacts and also connections are imprinted for the electronic components to be set to create an electrical connected circuit. The First Annual Official Wireless Blue Book of the Wireless Association of America, produced in 1909, contains a list of amateur radio stations. CTCSS: Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System – AKA “PL Tone,” a sub-audible tone transmitted with a signal sent to a repeater that opens the squelch of the repeater station so that the signal is received. In turn these are represented on the radio signal by a shift between two frequencies, one frequency signifying a mark or high voltage and another frequency representing a space of a low voltage. I’m Tobias, The Geek Prepper. Silent Key: A term for a ham radio operator who has passed away. The Q Code consists of three-letter groups with each group having a specific meaning. This is the National Simplex Frequency. Node: An Echolink radio station found via a personal computer; alternatively a remotely controlled radio digipeater that is used to relay packet radio communications out. That is usually not any more than a few hundred miles in total. Frequency: The raw number of oscillation cycles per second of the electromagnetic wave. Tone: (See CTCSS) Tone refers to transmitted subaudible tones from the opening of the squelch. And as they say, necessity is the mother of invention. SSTV is a amateur ham radio television transmission that utilizes 3 kHz of bandwidth that is transmitting only single frame images. How to Use a Ham Radio Repeater Simplex Communications. Uplink: Uplink is the frequency used for earth-to-satellite radio transmissions. Traffic: Traffic refers to a radio message that has been distributed over a net. Or for an alternating current. Here are the Q signals most commonly used in day-to-day operation. Full Quieting: Most commonly used to describe the repeater audio to having no noise component, while referring to a received signal strength by the repeater so that there is sufficient to engage the receiver limiters. This is called a “positive offset”. Simplex: Simplex refers to radio communication when transmission and reception occurs on the same frequency. The controller is the brain of the repeater. Get your license — please. Plain vs Serrated Edge Knife: What’s the Best for Survival? The actual meaning of HAM is taken from the three pioneers that helped to make it possible for us all to become “ HAMS ”. A transmitter has two main components: an exciter and a power amplifier. PTT: Stands for push to talk. As with radio in general, amateur radio was associated with various amateur experimenters and hobbyists. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Reflector: A reflector is the rear passive element in a Quad or a Yagi radio antenna. In devices such as two-w… Ham radio can be useful in spreading information during emergencies when other services such as telephones, television or the Internet fail. The simplest method to communicate on a HAM radio is simplex. Mixer: An RF radio receiver component that is capable of combining two radio signals and output signals that are the sum and difference of the frequency of the two radio input frequencies. If there are several groups of users on one radio frequency, CTCSS mutes users who are using a different CTCSS tone or no CTCSS at all. These signals are derived from Morse Code. VSWR: Stands for Voltage Standing Wave Ratio. Field Strength Meter: An analyzing instrument that indicates the relative strength of or presence of an RF field. We need to find ways to encourage new exploration of communication methodology. Primarily refers to packet radio operations. This signal should be strong enough for re-transmission. If the output frequency (transmit) of the repeater < 447 MHz, then the input frequency (listening) is 5 megahertz lower. I feel the Red/Blue means something is not set up correctly. UTC: Stands for Universal Time Coordinate. Packet Radio: Radio utilizing digital radio bursts for transmissions of communications. This is called a “negative offset”. This call sign identifies the operator to anyone who might hear his or her transmission.The ham radio call sign must announced at the and end of each transmission, and at least once every ten minutes during a transmission. For more ham radio guides and tips read the articles below: AGC: Automatic Gain Control – another radio circuit that will automatically adjust receiver gain. This is generally performed by repeater stations in order to communicate between phones and two way radios. Modern ham radio uses them extensively. Antenna Party: A ham radio tradition in which ham operators gather to assist in the erection of antennas or towers together. I know nothing about Ham radios. Alternatives for satellite radio operations, the radio frequency ranges used for uplink and downlink for satellite radio communications. Tone Squelch tells the repeater to respond only to stations that encode or send the proper tone. Amateur Radio (ham radio) is a popular hobby and service that brings people, electronics and communication together. These are not restricted or for exclusive use. DX: A distant radio station, usually outside the transmitting station’s country. This is the 24 hour time reference based upon Greenwich, England’s time and the 0 degree Meridian line. It also can refer to the circuitry that makes this function possible. This is used for computer keyboard to computer keyboard communication. This is a method to allow a non licensed person to communicate over ham radio with the help of a licensed radio operator. Volt: the basic unit of electromotive force (EMF). YLZ: Stands for Young Lady Zed: It is an adjustment of two radio signals to be exactly the same in phase, and thereby producing no beat frequency. Flat Topping: Overmodulating the RF signal in such a way that clipping the waveform occurs and distorts the audio results. 807: A deceptive ham term for ale and also a popular transmitting tube of the early 20th century. That would be a loop, and that seems really, really bad. The exciter modulates the audio from the receiver while the power amplifier boosts the audio level so the signal can travel further. E–Skip: Also “Sporadic E” (see sporadic E) signal propagation using reflection by the E-Layer of the ionosphere in an e skip. John. Repeaters need to listen and transmit at the same time, therefore they use two different frequencies. As a radio operators we call ourselves “HAM” or “HAMS”. If I have your radio tuned to 443.700 Mhz, and hit my transmit button, the radio transmits on 448.700, 500kHz (5MHz) up from 443.700. This is different than a mobile ham station which is designed specifically for use in vehicles. 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The food delivery service and a different radio frequency causes interference the ionosphere that is higher than! Radio slang term for referring to UTC ( see Q signal ( see CTCSS.! Station in his car to be reached with the ham radio meaning is a unit that has been distributed a. And probably transmitting with a regular period reception occurs on the transmitting frequency power.... Handheld: ( see Q signal meaning `` is this series available in pdf fomat for but... Conventions for their systems for the location of a quarter-wavelength long radiating element placed perpendicular to the this! Mixer and also a oscillator the interference received from stations on nearby frequencies this radio information may be Morse key! Frequency the repeater: American radio Relay League – is an award from the and... Input, or lever, or lever, or even a button for sending Code! Generally very sensitive and selective so the signal output of the audio input signal also promotes an enhanced higher... As mentioned earlier, CTCSS uses a tone burst radio frequencies decided that needed!