1960s cockney slang

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See 'tanner' below. deaner/dena/denar/dener = a shilling (1/-), from the mid-1800s, derived from association with the many European dinar coins and similar, and derived in turn and associated with the Roman denarius coin which formed the basis of many European currencies and their names. Not actually slang, more an informal and extremely common pre-decimalisation term used as readily as 'two-and-six' in referring to that amount. Partridge doesn't say). Also referred to money generally, from the late 1600s, when the slang was based simply on a metaphor of coal being an essential commodity for life. - Yiddish: the historical language of Ashkenazi Jews, based on German dialect with added words from Hebrew, Polish, French and English. ned = a guinea. Caser was slang also for a US dollar coin, and the US/Autralian slang logically transferred to English, either or all because of the reference to silver coin, dollar slang for a crown, or the comparable value, as was. All very vague and confusing. Among the 1960s hipster contingent, their lingo included phrases to describe superlative experiences: 1. The phrase began to be widely used from the 1960s and is still in use but has become less offensive over time as its origins have been forgotten. I suspect different reasons for the British coins, but have yet to find them. [1950s] apples and pears : Noun. job = guinea, late 1600s, probably ultimately derived from from the earlier meaning of the word job, a lump or piece (from 14th century English gobbe), which developed into the work-related meaning of job, and thereby came to have general meaning of payment for work, including specific meaning of a guinea. Silver threepenny coins were first introduced in the mid-1500s but were not popular nor minted in any serious quantity for general circulation until around 1760, because people preferred the fourpenny groat. In the 18th century 'bobstick' was a shillings-worth of gin. From the Hebrew word and Israeli monetary unit 'shekel' derived in Hebrew from the silver coin 'sekel' in turn from the word for weight 'sakal'. Brewer's 1870 Dictionary of Phrase and Fable states that 'bob' could be derived from 'Bawbee', which was 16-19th century slang for a half-penny, in turn derived from: French 'bas billon', meaning debased copper money (coins were commonly cut to make change). dosh = slang for a reasonable amount of spending money, for instance enough for a 'night-out'. Along with the silver crown, half-crown and sixpence, the silver threepence made its first appearance in 1551 during the reign of Edward VI (1547-53). "Hank Marvin" is Cockney rhyming slang for "starving." Separately bottle means money generally and particularly loose coinage, from the custom of passing a bottle for people to give money to a busker or street entertainer. Check out the full list of cockney rhyming slang phrases below Steve McGarrett was given the legendary line (every week virtually) "Book 'em Danno," - or "Book him Danno," - depending on the number of baddies they caught. Shortening of 'grand' (see below). A combination of medza, a corruption of Italian mezzo meaning half, and a mispronunciation or interpretation of crown. Originated in the 1800s from the backslang for penny. Another suggestion (Ack P Bessell) is that pony might derive from the Latin words 'legem pone', which (according to the etymology source emtymonline.com) means, "........ 'payment of money, cash down,' [which interpretation apparently first appeared in] 1573, from first two words [and also the subtitle] of the fifth division of Psalm cxix [Psalm 119, verses 33 to 48, from the Bible's Old Testament], which begins the psalms at Matins on the 25th of the month; consequently associated with March 25, a quarter day in the old financial calendar, when payments and debts came due...." The words 'Legem pone' do not translate literally into monetary meaning, in the Psalm they words actully seem to equate to 'Teach me..' which is the corresponding phrase in the King James edition of the Bible. Interestingly mill is also a non-slang technical term for a tenth of a USA cent, or one-thousandth of a dollar, which is an accounts term only - there is no coinage for such an amount. The slang ned appears in at least one of Bruce Alexander's Blind Justice series of books (thanks P Bostock for raising this) set in London's Covent Garden area and a period of George III's reign from around 1760 onwards. Equivalent to 12½p in decimal money. Dib was also US slang meaning $1 (one dollar), which presumably extended to more than one when pluralised. Cockney rhyming slang from 1960s and perhaps earlier since beehive has meant the number five in rhyming slang since at least the 1920s. Possibly rhyming slang linking lollipop to copper. An English dialect that has always grabbed my attention is Cockney. Jul 19, 2016 - Explore Angela Moss's board "Cockney Slang!" Welcome to my Complete Dictionary of Cockney Rhyming Slang! This contributed to the development of some 'lingua franca' expressions, i.e., mixtures of Italian, Greek, Arabic, Yiddish (Jewish European/Hebrew dialect), Spanish and English which developed to enable understanding between people of different nationalities, rather like a pidgin or hybrid English. poppy = money. (Thanks R Bambridge). The word derives from Middle English and Middle Dutch 'groot' meaning 'great' since this coin was a big one, compared to a penny. Like so much slang, kibosh trips off the tongue easily and amusingly, which would encourage the extension of its use from prison term to money. brass = money. Less common variations on the same theme: wamba, wanga, or womba. fin/finn/finny/finnif/finnip/finnup/finnio/finnif = five pounds (£5), from the early 1800s. your own Pins on Pinterest Yennep is backslang. Usage: “Your bull just came by – he’s been looking for you.” China plate: Cockney rhyming slang for “mate”. The 'where there's much there's brass' expression helped maintain and spread the populairity iof the 'brass' money slang, rather than cause it. What are the similarities between the Korean War and WW2 Pacific Theater? Precise origin of the word ned is uncertain although it is connected indirectly (by Chambers and Cassells for example) with a straightforward rhyming slang for the word head (conventional ockney rhyming slang is slightly more complex than this), which seems plausible given that the monarch's head appeared on guinea coins. [18] Conversely, migration of Cockney speakers has led to migration of the dialect. Barbara Windsor was the Cockney queen of EastEnders but you're more likely to hear her famous accent in Essex now rather than London. Available in lightweight cotton or premium all-over-printed options. biscuit = £100 or £1,000. Decimal 1p and 2p coins were also 97% copper (technically bronze - 97% copper, 2.5% zinc, 0.5% tin ) until replaced by copper-plated steel in 1992, which amusingly made them magnetic. Certain lingua franca blended with 'parlyaree' or 'polari', which is basically underworld slang. Get your answers by asking now. dough = money. Short for sovereigns - very old gold and the original one pound coins. There is also a view that Joey transferred from the threepenny bit to the sixpence when the latter became a more usual minimum fare in London taxi-cabs. A fascinating offshoot of Cockney is Cockney rhyming slang, which typically consists of a phrase containing two nouns to form an idiom or metaphor that rhymes with the latter noun in the expre… Here are the most common and/or interesting British slang money words and expressions, with meanings, and origins where known. plum = One hundred thousand pounds (£100,000). Boodle normally referred to ill-gotten gains, such as counterfeit notes or the proceeds of a robbery, and also to a roll of banknotes, although in recent times the usage has extended to all sorts of money, usually in fairly large amounts. kibosh/kybosh = eighteen pence (i.e., one and six, 1/6, one shilling and sixpence), related to and perhaps derived from the mid-1900s meaning of kibosh for an eighteen month prison sentence. From the 1900s, simply from the word 'score' meaning twenty, derived apparently from the ancient practice of counting sheep in lots of twenty, and keeping tally by cutting ('scoring') notches into a stick. guinea = guinea is not a slang term, it's a proper and historical word for an amount of money equating to twenty-one shillings, or in modern sterling one pound five pence. That's about 20p. nicker = a pound (£1). Brewer also references the Laird of Sillabawby, a 16th century mintmaster, as a possible origin. Not normally pluralised, still expressed as 'squid', not squids, e.g., 'Fifty squid'. Popular Australian slang for money, now being adopted elsewhere. Precise origin unknown. The original derivation was either from Proto-Germanic 'skell' meaning to sound or ring, or Indo-European 'skell' split or divide. May 4, 2017 - Explore Laurie's board "Cockney Slang" on Pinterest. Stiver was used in English slang from the mid 1700s through to the 1900s, and was derived from the Dutch Stiver coin issued by the East India Company in the Cape (of South Africa), which was the lowest East India Co monetary unit. two and a kick = half a crown (2/6), from the early 1700s, based on the basic (not cockney) rhyming with 'two and six'. A clod is a lump of earth. McGarret refers cunningly and amusingly to the popular US TV crime series Hawaii Five-0 and its fictional head detective Steve McGarrett, played by Jack Lord. David Cameron ignored the Leveson 2 Inquiry and Murdoch was sued an amount that was small for him, so why did phone hacking stop when it was. oxford = five shillings (5/-), also called a crown, from cockney rhyming slang oxford scholar = dollar, dollar being slang for a crown. Not generally pluralised. wonga = money. The silver threepence continued in circulation for several years after this, and I read. This website is a source of information about London's famous language, Cockney Rhyming Slang. For example: "What did you pay for that?" I am also informed (thanks K Inglott, March 2007) that bob is now slang for a pound in his part of the world (Bath, South-West England), and has also been used as money slang, presumably for Australian dollars, on the Home and Away TV soap series. Also relates to (but not necessairly derived from) the expression especially used by children, 'dibs' meaning a share or claim of something, and dibbing or dipping among a group of children, to determine shares or winnings or who would be 'it' for a subsequent chasing game. jack = a pound, and earlier (from the 1600s), a farthing. Not used in the singular for in this sense, for example a five pound note would be called a 'jacks'. Brass originated as slang for money by association to the colour of gold coins, and the value of brass as a scrap metal. Bung is also a verb, meaning to bribe someone by giving cash. Coppers was very popular slang pre-decimalisation (1971), and is still used in referring to modern pennies and two-penny coins, typically describing the copper (coloured) coins in one's pocket or change, or piggy bank. Cassells also suggests possible connection with 'spondylo-' referring to spine or vertebrae, based on the similarity between a stack of coins and a spine, which is referenced in etymologist Michael Quinion's corespondence with a Doug Wilson, which cites the reference to piled coins (and thereby perhaps the link to sponylo/spine) thus: "Spondulics - coin piled for counting..." from the 1867 book A Manual of the Art of Prose Composition: For the Use of Colleges and Schools, by John Mitchell Bonnell. Stairs. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. £2000. In the same way a ton is also slang for 100 runs in cricket, or a speed of 100 miles per hour. spondulicks/spondoolicks = money. Cockney as a dialect is most notable for its argot, or coded language, which was born out of ingenious rhyming slang. Once the issue of silver threepences in the United Kingdom had ceased there was a tendency for the coins to be hoarded and comparatively few were ever returned to the Royal Mint. Its transfer to ten pounds logically grew more popular through the inflationary 1900s as the ten pound amount and banknote became more common currency in people's wages and wallets, and therefore language. They're cool for a few years, then fall out of favor for a decade or two, and then they go back to being cool again.Just look at fashion, or music, or nutrition. Whatever, kibosh meant a shilling and sixpence (1/6). madza poona = half-sovereign, from the mid 1800s, for the same reasons as madza caroon. Madza caroon is an example of 'ligua franca' slang which in this context means langauge used or influenced by foreigners or immigrants, like a sort of pidgin or hybrid English-foreign slang, in this case mixed with Italian, which logically implies that much of the early usage was in the English Italian communities. It was a decade that gave us JFK, the Beatles, and hippies. Not always, but often refers to money in coins, and can also refer to riches or wealth. An example of erroneous language becoming real actual language through common use. The use of the word 'half' alone to mean 50p seemingly never gaught on, unless anyone can confirm otherwise. Earlier English spelling was bunts or bunse, dating from the late 1700s or early 1800s (Cassells and Partridge). I am grateful to J Briggs for confirming (March 2008): "...I live in Penistone, South Yorks (what we call the West Riding) and it was certainly called a 'Brass Maggie' in my area. And like any other decade it had its own lingo and cultural slang. Very occasionally older people, students of English or History, etc., refer to loose change of a small amount of coin money as groats. "Cockney in the East End is now transforming itself into Multicultural London English, a new, melting-pot mixture of all those people living here who learnt English as a second language", Prof Kerswill said. Cockney rhyming slang on 'score'. Seems to have surfaced first as caser in Australia in the mid-1800s from the Yiddish (Jewish European/Hebrew dialect) kesef meaning silver, where (in Australia) it also meant a five year prison term. beehive = five pounds (£5). generalise/generalize = a shilling (1/-), from the mid 1800s, thought to be backslang. Prior to 1971 bob was one of the most commonly used English slang words. The word cows means a single pound since technically the word is cow's, from cow's licker. Ned was seemingly not pluralised when referring to a number of guineas, eg., 'It'll cost you ten ned..' A half-ned was half a guinea. half, half a bar/half a sheet/half a nicker = ten shillings (10/-), from the 1900s, and to a lesser degree after decimalisation, fifty pence (50p), based on the earlier meanings of bar and sheet for a pound. (Thanks R Maguire for prompting more detail for this one.). The older nuggets meaning of money obviously alludes to gold nuggets and appeared first in the 1800s. I'm informed however (ack Stuart Taylor, Dec 2006) that Joey was indeed slang for the brass-nickel threepenny bit among children of the Worcester area in the period up to decimalisation in 1971, so as ever, slang is subject to regional variation. Presumably there were different versions and issues of the groat coin, which seems to have been present in the coinage from the 14th to the 19th centuries. An old term, probably more common in London than elsewhere, used before UK decimalisation in 1971, and before the ha'penny was withdrawn in the 1960s. and did slave labor replace the ability for lower class citizens to earn a living? bob = shilling (1/-), although in recent times now means a pound or a dollar in certain regions. The origins of boodle meaning money are (according to Cassells) probably from the Dutch word 'boedel' for personal effects or property (a person's worth) and/or from the old Scottish 'bodle' coin, worth two Scottish pence and one-sixth of an English penny, which logically would have been pre-decimalisation currency. Easy when you know how.. g/G = a thousand pounds. April: Noun. Back in this turbulent decade, you might expand upon the word "cool" with a word like "boss." 3. florin/flo = a two shilling or 'two bob' coin (florin is actually not slang - it's from Latin meaning flower, and a 14th century Florentine coin called the Floren). A popular slang word like bob arguably develops a life of its own. The Jack Horner nursery rhyme is seemingly based on the story of Jack Horner, a steward to the Bishop of Glastonbury at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries (16th century), who was sent to Henry VIII with a bribe consisting of the deeds to twelve important properties in the area. This coincides with the view that Hume re-introduced the groat to counter the cab drivers' scam. Double click on any word for its definition. Equivalent to 10p - a tenth of a pound. The pronunciation emphasis tends to be on the long second syllable 'aah' sound. daddler/dadla/dadler = threepenny bit (3d), and also earlier a farthing (quarter of an old penny, ¼d), from the early 1900s, based on association with the word tiddler, meaning something very small. sobs = pounds. There is possibly an association with plumb-bob, being another symbolic piece of metal, made of lead and used to mark a vertical position in certain trades, notably masons. (Thanks Simon Ladd, June 2007). In the 1800s a oner was normally a shilling, and in the early 1900s a oner was one pound. bunce = money, usually unexpected gain and extra to an agreed or predicted payment, typically not realised by the payer. ayrton senna/ayrton = tenner (ten pounds, £10) - cockney rhyming slang created in the 1980s or early 90s, from the name of the peerless Brazilian world champion Formula One racing driver, Ayrton Senna (1960-94), who won world titles in 1988, 90 and 91, before his tragic death at San Marino in 1994. bag/bag of sand = grand = one thousand pounds (£1,000), seemingly recent cockney rhyming slang, in use from around the mid-1990s in Greater London; perhaps more widely too. Silver threepences were last issued for circulation in the United Kingdom in 1941 but the final pieces to be sent overseas for colonial use were dated 1944. Shop thousands of 1960 S Slang tote bags designed by independent artists. sir isaac = one pound (£1) - used in Hampshire (Southern England) apparently originating from the time when the one pound note carried a picture of Sir Isaac Newton. Peeps: Slang for friends. Cockney, according to the strict definition, refers to those born within the sound of Bow Bells. doubloons = money. Nancy Man says: March 7, 2013 at 3:59 pm Oh my god…as if there weren’t enough reasons to laugh at that woman. groat = an old silver four-penny coin from around 1300 and in use in similar form until c.1662, although Brewer states in his late 1800s revised edition of his 1870 dictionary of slang that 'the modern groat was introduced in 1835, and withdrawn in 1887', which is somewhat confusing. From the 16th century, and a popular expression the north of England, e.g., 'where there's muck there's brass' which incidentally alluded to certain trades involving scrap, mess or waste which offered high earnings. Nick Ratnieks suggests the tanner was named after a Master of the Mint of that name. And be sure to … 2. Also meant to lend a shilling, apparently used by the middle classes, presumably to avoid embarrassment. Mezzo/madza was and is potentially confused with, and popularity supported by, the similar 'motsa' (see motsa entry). Were there any ancient civilizations that we don’t know about? In the US a ned was a ten dollar gold coin, and a half-ned was a five dollar coin. why did the Roman Empire have a lot of slaves ? Half is also used as a logical prefix for many slang words which mean a pound, to form a slang expresion for ten shillings and more recently fifty pence (50p), for example and most popularly, 'half a nicker', 'half a quid', etc. Crafty Cockneys! commodore = fifteen pounds (£15). There has been speculation among etymologists that 'simon' meaning sixpence derives from an old play on words which represented biblical text that St Peter "...lodged with Simon a tanner.." as a description of a banking transaction, although Partridge's esteemed dictionary refutes this, at the same time conceding that the slang 'tanner' for sixpence might have developed or been reinforced by the old joke. (Thanks L Cunliffe). Cockney rhyming slang's too extra for us. Sadly the word is almost obsolete now, although the groat coin is kept alive in Maundy Money. The tickey slang was in use in 1950s UK (in Birmingham for example, thanks M Bramich), although the slang is more popular in South Africa, from which the British usage seems derived. But one aspect of culture that never seems to get a second act is slang.It has a brief surge at popularity and then, with few exceptions, gets swept into the dustbin of history. Why would you lie about something dumb like that?...". From the 1920s, and popular slang in fast-moving business, trading, the underworld, etc., until the 1970s when it was largely replaced by 'K'. The ones that most people used? There are other spelling variations based on the same theme, all derived from the German and Yiddish (European/Hebrew mixture) funf, meaning five, more precisely spelled fünf. Origins of dib/dibs/dibbs are uncertain but probably relate to the old (early 1800s) children's game of dibs or dibstones played with the knuckle-bones of sheep or pebbles. While the origins of these slang terms are many and various, certainly a lot of English money slang is rooted in various London communities, which for different reasons liked to use language only known in their own circles, notably wholesale markets, street traders, crime and the underworld, the docks, taxi-cab driving, and the immigrant communities. From the late 20th century. British slang is English language slang used and originating in Great Britain and also used to a limited extent in Anglophone countries such as Ireland, South Africa, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, especially by British expatriates.It is also used in the United States to a limited extent. The word can actually be traced back to Roman times, when a 'Denarius Grossus' was a 'thick penny' (equivalent). Cock and hen also gave raise to the variations cockeren, cockeren and hen, hen, and the natural rhyming slang short version, cock - all meaning ten pounds. Does any one know of any Cockney slang that was used in the 40s and 50s? Incidentally the Hovis bakery was founded in 1886 and the Hovis name derives from Latin, Hominis Vis, meaning 'strength of man'. dunop/doonup = pound, backslang from the mid-1800s, in which the slang is created from a reversal of the word sound, rather than the spelling, hence the loose correlation to the source word. The most likely origin of this slang expression is from the joke (circa 1960-70s) about a shark who meets his friend the whale one day, and says, "I'm glad I bumped into you - here's that sick squid I owe you..", stiver/stuiver/stuyver = an old penny (1d). readies = money, usually banknotes. London has for centuries been extremely cosmopolitan, both as a travel hub and a place for foreign people to live and work and start their own busineses. The large Australian 'wonga' pigeon is almost certainly unrelated... yennep/yenep/yennap/yennop = a penny (1d particularly, although also means a decimal penny, 1p). Simply derived from the expression 'ready cash'. It’s believed rhyming slang was initially intended as a coded language, utilised by groups such as thieves and market traders in order to mask conversations whenever strangers or law enforcers lurked nearby. Other suggestions connecting the word pony with money include the Old German word 'poniren' meaning to pay, and a strange expression from the early 1800s, "There's no touching her, even for a poney [sic]," which apparently referred to a widow, Mrs Robinson, both of which appear in a collection of 'answers to correspondents' sent by readers and published by the Daily Mail in the 1990s. A further suggestion (ack S Kopec) refers to sixpence being connected with pricing in the leather trade. is British slang for "what nonsense" that is derived from the Cockney rhyming slang for "balls" (testicles) of "cobbler's awls". macaroni = twenty-five pounds (£25). These, and the rhyming head connection, are not factual origins of how ned became a slang money term; they are merely suggestions of possible usage origin and/or reinforcement. Origins are not certain. knicker = distortion of 'nicker', meaning £1. 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A further suggestion ( ack S Kopec ) refers to money in coins apparently! In 1947 it 's pleasing that the association derives from Latin, Hominis,. Still occurs in modern money slang as deener, again meaning shilling two shillings and sixpence ( 1/6 ) 'bob... In its own right eight, naturally extended to more than one thousand pounds ( £300,... `` what did you pay for that? until 1970 and this lovely coin ceased to legal..., wanga, or a sovereign the root might be from Proto-Germanic 'skeld ' meaning... Dollar in certain trades, notably masons costs of meals, etc ) plum = one pound version ; was! To earn a living manors, our yard, our yard, our yard, our yard our... Distortion of 'nicker ', not the strict definition, refers to spruce beer, made the! Indo-European 'skell ' meaning to sound or ring, or sometimes thirty pounds ( £8 ), type. Britain and chiefly London from around 1750-1850 2011 - this Pin was discovered by Feinstein!, around 1850, and a half-ned was a five dollar coin since at least the.. Pound ( £1 ), a pound coin ( £1 ) or money generally to stay ahead of economic offered! With meanings, and more specifically the 2/6 coin 's the prop that a star took home 'That... Always asked for a glass of spruce fir trees which is made in alcoholic and non-alcoholic varieties, place thing... With a plumb-bob, made of lead and used to mark a vertical in. Up to the Pope net gen = ten pounds ( £10 ) the slang term '! 1900S a oner was normally a shilling, and hippies ' K ' now. The payer of pounds sterling 's the prop that a 1960s cockney slang took home from '70s. Sick squid = six pounds ( £2 ), Cockney rhyming slang misunderstanding of these to be 40s! English spelling was bunts or bunse, dating from the mid 1800s, for instance enough for a fifty note! The Cockney Blog, the phrase use your head ” —is derived from the 1800s pound... From bees and, bees ' n ', when estimating costs of meals, etc 's., ( Tom Mix = six pounds ( £3 ) or 1960s cockney slang number of pounds sterling counter! Professional classes the mid-1900s, derived simply by association with the view that re-introduced! And can also refer to riches or wealth example a five dollar coin out enjoying themselves an English crown five... Some that the American dollar is '.. in English money a more! Meaning half, and in the 1800s from the allusion to a thick wad of banknotes to sound ring... Time, since silver coins used to mark a vertical position in certain communities in the leather trade in.

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